Dassault Mirage 5BD

Single-engine two-seat trainer-attack aircraft

   In order to replace the Republic F-84F Thunderstreak and the RF-84F Thunderflash, the Belgian Government decided on 16 February 1968 to acquire 88 Mirages (54BA, 22BR and 12 BD) with an option for 18 more aircraft the sub-type of which was to be decided later. On 25 August 1968, after a lot of political discussions and a failed possible cooperation with The Netherlands a final order was placed with Dassault for 106 aircraft (63 BA, 16BD end 27 BR). The Mirage 5BA was optimized for ground attacks and was in fact a version of the Mirage IIIE as used by the French Armée de l'Air but equipped with less sophisticated avionics. After an extended series of studies, the Mirage was preferred over the a.o. the Northrop F-5A, LTV A-7A Corsair, Douglas A-4 Skyhawk, A6A Intruder, new versions of the Starfighter F-104H and F-104S and the Swedish Draken. The twin-seat Mirage 5BD was essentialy developed as a two seat trainer version of the Mirage but appart from a reduced fuel capacity this subtype maintained its attack capability. After being withdrawn from use with the Belgian Air Force five Mirage 5BD's were converted into M5MD "Elkans" by Sabca and sold to the Chilean Air Force.

 Dassault Mirage 5BD MD01 (later BD-01) on an early testflight in the spring of 1970.

C/N

201

BD-01

Date In

Jun 1970

Date Out

Oct 1990

History

MD-01, BD-01, storage at Koksijde, reworked as M5MD Elkan, to Chilean AF as "716", stored at BA El Bosque (Chile)

Dassault Mirage 5BD BD-02 in the static display of the Florennes Airshow on 21 June 1975. Less than a month later, on 14 July 1975
this aircraft crashed due to engine problems. Fortunately both crew members successfully bailed out.

C/N

202

BD-02

Date In

Aug 1970

Date Out

Jul 1975

History

BD-02, crashed at Lieneux on 14 Jul 1975

Dassault Mirage 5BD BD-03 at Bierset airbase during the 1976 airshow.

C/N

203

BD-03

Date In

Oct 1970

Date Out

Jan 1993

History

BD-03, storage at Koksijde, reworked as M5MD Elkan, to Chilean AF as "717", stored at BA El Bosque (Chile)

Dassault Mirage 5BD BD-04 sporting the N° 42 Squadron crest on its tail during the Tactical Air Meet  (TAM) at Gilze-Rijen airbase (Nl.) on June 26th, 1984.

C/N

204

BD-04

Date In

Sep 1970

Date Out

Feb 1993

History

BD-04, storage at Koksijde, reworked as M5MD Elkan, to Chilean Air Force as "718", stored at BA El Bosque (Chile)

Dassault Mirage 5BD BD-05 of N° 8 Squadron in flight. Notice the extended speedbrakes.

C/N

205

BD-05

Date In

Oct 1970

Date Out

May 1986

History

BD-05, crashed at Bierset on 21 May 1986

Dassault Mirage 5BD BD-06 banking over Brustem airbase in early June 1976. Note several Fouga Magister trainers, some of them in "Red Devils" color scheme.

C/N

206

BD-06

Date In

Nov 1970

Date Out

Jul 1985

History

BD-06, crashed at Jamagne (Philippeville) on 3 Jul 1985

In 1981 Mirage 5BD BD-07 had to make an emergency landing at Bierset airbase with nose wheel only half down.

C/N

207

BD-07

Date In

Jan 1971

Date Out

Nov 1987

History

BD-07, crashed at Comblain-Fairon on 19 Nov 1987

Still unpainted Dassault Mirage 5BD BD-08 at the Sabaca Gosselies plant in 1971 shortly before delivery to the Belgian Air Force.

C/N

208

BD-08

Date In

Feb 1971

Date Out

May 1979

History

BD-08, crashed at Oreye after flame out on landing on 17 May 1979

Dassault Mirage 5BD BD-09 of N° 8 Squadron in a line-up during the Bierset airshow on 25 June 1990.

C/N

209

BD-09

Date In

Mar 1971

Date Out

Jan 1994

History

BD-09, storage at Weelde, sold to SAGEM (F.) > Feb 2018: Preserved at Limburg Regional Airport, Sint-Truiden

Dassault Mirage 5BD BD-10 being prepared for a mission at Brustem airbase on September 11th, 1985

C/N

210

BD-10

Date In

Apr 1971

Date Out

Jan 1994

History

BD-10, storage at Weelde, sold to SAGEM (F.)

Dassault Mirage VBD BD-11 (sporting a special "Cocotte" crest on the tail (designed by Hubert Sermon), being maintained at Bierset
airbase on April 20th, 1982.

C/N

211

BD-11

Date In

Jun 1971

Date Out

Jan 1994

History

BD-11, storage at Weelde, sold to SAGEM (F.)

Mirage 5BD BD-12 received this special paint scheme for the Mirage farewell airshow at Bierset airbase on 25 & 26 September 1993. It sported the crests of the former Belgian Mirage operators: N°1, N° 2, N° 8 and N°42 Squadrons .

C/N

212

BD-12

Date In

Jun 1971

Date Out

Jan 1994

History

BD-12, special paint Mirage Farewell, storage at Weelde, to Chilean Air Force as "725", gate guardian at Base Aerea Cerro Moreno, Antofagasta, Chile

Dassault Mirage VBD BD-13 at the Norvenich (D.) airshow on April 30th , 1983.

C/N

213

BD-13

Date In

Oct 1972

Date Out

1987

History

BD-13, fuselage stored at Florennes, transferred to Royal Army Museum depot at Vissenaken.

 Dassault Mirage 5BD BD-14 at Florennes airbase on 28 February 1986.

C/N

214

BD-14

Date In

Oct 1972

Date Out

May 1989

History

BD-14, storage at Koksijde, reworked as M5MD Elkan, to Chilean Air Force as "719", stored

 Dassault Mirage 5BD BD-14 at Florennes airbase on 28 February 1986.

C/N

215

BD-15

Date In

Dec 1972

Date Out

May 1989

History

BD-15, stored at Koksijde, reworked as M5MD "Elkan", to Chilean AF as "720", stored at BA El Bosque (Chile)

Dassault Mirage 5BD BD-16 during an early acceptance flight. On 7 December 1973, less than three months after delivery, this Mirage crashed at Ouffet immediately after take off from Florennes killing both crew members. The cause was thought to be an engine explosion.

C/N

215

BD-16

Date In

Sep 1973

Date Out

Dec 1973

History

BD-16, fatal crash at Ouffet on 7 Dec 1973

 

Gloster Meteor T.7

Twin engine two-seat jet trainer

    The Gloster Meteor T.7 was a two-seat trainer version of the famous Gloster Meteor fighter. Because the transition from the single-engine propeller powered Spitfire or Harvard to the twin-engine jetfighter was considered a too big a step for the inexperienced student pilots, the need arose to obtain a two-seater trainer. In the fifties the Belgian Air Force took on charge large amounts of British and American build jets and specifically for the transition training the Meteor T.7 and the Lockheed T-33A trainers were acquired respectively. A first batch of 3 new-build aircraft (ED1 - ED3) was delivered together with the first Meteor F.4s for the Belgian Air Force. With the introduction of the more advanced Meteor F.8 fighter two batches of respectively 4 (ED4 - ED7 in July 1951) and 5 (ED8 - ED12 in early 1953) former RAF (but unused) aircraft were delivered to boost the training assets. The arrival of the Meteor F.8 also meant that the Meteor F.4 had become obsolete. Twenty of them were converted by Avions Fairey to Meteor T.7-standards (ED13 - ED32) from 1952 onwards. Starting in September 1953 an additional 10 ex-RAF aircraft were supplied (ED33 - ED43). The majority of the Meteor T.7s were scrapped after their service life.

Newly build and former (non-used) RAF aircraft.
 Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-1 at Beauvechain airbase on 27 November 1948, some weeks after its delivery to the Belgian Air Force.

C/N

-

ED-01

Date In

Oct 1948

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

G-5-212, ED-1/B2-X

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-2/B2-0 of the Fighter School at Koksijde.

C/N

-

ED-02

Date In

Mar 1949

Date Out

Jan 1958

History

G-5-213, ED-2/B2-O

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-3 of the Fighter School at Koksijde

C/N

-

ED-03

Date In

Mar 1949

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

G-5-214, ED-3/B2-Z

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-4 of the Fighter School seen at Brustem airbase in 1957.

C/N

-

ED-04

Date In

Jul 1951

Date Out

Jan 1958

History

WF817 (RAF), ED-4

 Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-5 of the Fighter School at Brustem airbase in flight.

C/N

-

ED-05

Date In

Jul 1951

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WF827 (RAF) ED-5

 Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-6 at Brustem in the mid-fifties.

C/N

-

ED-06

Date In

Jul 1951

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WF818 (RAF), ED-6

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-7 of the Fighter School at Koksijde in flight.

C/N

-

ED-07

Date In

Jul 1951

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WL399 (RAF), ED-7, converted to Meteor T.7A standards as ED-7

 Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-8 of the Fighter School at Brustem airbase in the early sixties.

C/N

-

ED-08

Date In

Apr 1953

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WL428 (RAF), ED-8

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-9 of the Fighter School at Koksijde.

C/N

-

ED-09

Date In

Feb 1953

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WL427 (RAF), ED-9

 Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-10 of the Fighter School at Brustem airbase in the early sixties.

C/N

-

ED-10

Date In

Apr 1953

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WL415 (RAF), ED-10

 Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-11 of the Fighter School after a landing accident (stalled on approach) at Koksijde airbase on 4 June 1954.

C/N

-

ED-11

Date In

Apr 1953

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WH171 (RAF), ED-11

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-12 of the Fighter School at the scrapyard of Beauvechain airbase in 1957.

C/N

-

ED-12

Date In

Apr 1953

Date Out

1957

History

WH174 (RAF), ED-12

Former Belgian Air Force Meteor F.4 aircraft converted to T.7 standards 
Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-13 was the first Meteor F.4 conversion by Fairey (Gosselies) and is seen at its official presentation at Gosselies in Feb 195

C/N

-

ED-13

Date In

Feb 1952

Date Out

Aug 1956

History

G-5-249, conversion of EF-4 (Meteor F.4), ED-13

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-14 of the Fighter School landing at Koksijde in the mid-fifties.

C/N

-

ED-14

Date In

1952

Date Out

Apr 1956

History

G-5-252, conversion of EF-7 (Meteor F.4), ED-14, converted to T.7A ED-14, sold to Israel.

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-15 in a wintery setting in the mid-fifties at Beauvechain airbase near the dispersal of N° 4 Squadron.

C/N

-

ED-15

Date In

1952

Date Out

Aug 1957

History

G-5-254, conversion of EF-9 (Meteor F.4), ED-15, converted to Meteor T.7A ED-15, sold to Israel.

 Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-16 at Melsbroek airbase in the mid-fifties

C/N

-

ED-16

Date In

Feb 1952

Date Out

1958

History

G-5-255, conversion of EF-10 (Meteor F.4), ED-16

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-17 at Fairey Gosselies.

C/N

-

ED-17

Date In

1952

Date Out

1958

History

G-5-256, conversion of EF-11 (Meteor F.4), ED-17

 Fairey test pilot Pir Andersen poses in front of Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-18 at Gosselies in the mid-fifties.

C/N

-

ED-18

Date In

1952

Date Out

1958

History

G-5-257, conversion of EF-12 (Meteor F.4), ED-18

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-19 seen in a hangar at Brustem airbase in the summer of 1957.

C/N

-

ED-19

Date In

1953

Date Out

Aug 1958

History

G-5-258, conversion of EF-13 (Meteor F.4), ED-19

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-20 at the completion of a post-modification test-flight at Fairey-Gosselies in the spring of 1956.

C/N

-

ED-20

Date In

1952

Date Out

Aug 1958

History

G-5-260, conversion of EF-15 (Meteor F.4), ED-20

C/N

-

ED-21

Date In

-

Date Out

Oct 1955

History

G-5-261, conversion of EF)16 (Meteor F.4), ED-21, crashed at Tongres St; Martin on 3 Oct 1955.

C/N

-

ED-22

Date In

1952

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

G-5-263, conversion of EF-18 (Meteor F.4), ED-22

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-23 taking off from Brustem airbase in May 1958.

C/N

-

ED-23

Date In

-

Date Out

Aug 1958

History

G-5-264, conversion of EF-19 (Meteor F.4), ED-23

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-24 exhibited at the entrance of "Ateliers Deprez" at Roeselare in the summer of 1962. Notice the absence of engines and nacelles, the nose cone coming from ED-4, while the tail cone most probably also came from a different machine. By 1968 this aircraft was scrapped.

C/N

-

ED-24

Date In

1954

Date Out

1958

History

G-5-266, conversion of EF-21 (Mateor F.4, ED-24 exhibited at "Ateliers Deprez" at Roeselare, scrapped.

C/N

-

ED-25

Date In

1952

Date Out

1957

History

G-5-268, conversion of EF-23 (Meteor F.4), ED-25

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-26 in the mid-fiftie

C/N

-

ED-26

Date In

1953

Date Out

1958

History

G-5-270, conversion of EF-26 (Meteor F.4), ED-26

C/N

-

ED-27

Date In

-

Date Out

Nov 1955

History

G-5-273, conversion of EF-28 (Meteor F.4) ED-27, written of in fire during starting up at Brustem on 3 Nov 1955.

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-28 after having been modified to Meteor T.7A standards (by adding a F.8 tail section) at Fairey Gosselies.

C/N

-

ED-28

Date In

1954

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

G-5-275, conversion of EF-30 (Meteor F.4), ED-28, converted to Meteor T.7A standards as ED-28.

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-29 landing.

C/N

-

ED-29

Date In

Nov 1956

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

G-5-277, conversion of EF-32 (Meteor F.4), ED-29

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-30 at Fairey Gosselies.

C/N

-

ED-30

Date In

-

Date Out

Feb 1956

History

G-5-284, conversion of EF-39 (Meteor F.4), ED-30, crashed at Thieusies/Naast on 22 Feb 1956.

C/N

-

ED-31

Date In

-

Date Out

Aug 1958

History

G-5-286, conversion of EF-41 (Meteor F.4), ED-31

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-30 at Fairey Gosselies.

C/N

-

ED-32

Date In

-

Date Out

1958

History

G-5-287, conversion of EF-42 (Meteor F.4), ED-32

Former RAF aircraft 
Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-33 in storage possibly at Brustem airbase.

C/N

-

ED-33

Date In

Sep 1953

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WL486 (RAF), ED-33

Belgian King Boudewijn I in Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-34 at Melsbroek on 13 June 1957 for a flight to Florennes airbase.

C/N

-

ED-34

Date In

Sep 1953

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WN320 (RAF), ED-34

During assymetric landing training (with one engine out) Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-35 stalled at Chièvres airbase and crashed on 19 May 1954.

C/N

-

ED-35

Date In

Sep 1953

Date Out

May 1954

History

WS140 (RAF), ED-35, crashed at Chièvres airbase on 19 May 1954.

C/N

-

ED-36

Date In

Jan 1954

Date Out

Aug 1954

History

WS141 (RAF), ED-36, crashed at Hondschoote/Killem (F.) on 19 Aug 1954.

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-37 in flight over the "Het Zwin" estuary near Knokke.

C/N

-

ED-37

Date In

Jan 1954

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

XF273 (RAF), ED-37

C/N

-

ED-38

Date In

Oct 1956

Date Out

Aug 1958

History

WA688 (RAF), ED-38

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-39 displayed during the Wings Parade ceremony of N° 132 Promotion at Brustem airbase on 10 May 1957.

C/N

-

ED-39

Date In

Nov 1956

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WH114 (RAF), ED-39

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-40 of the Fighter School (Jachtvliegschool/Ecole de de Chasse) at altitude in 1958.

C/N

-

ED-40

Date In

Nov 1956

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WA684 (RAF), ED-40

  Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-41 of the Flight VZZ/VSV (Blind Flying Flight) seen near hangar 27 (Maintenance) at Brustem airbase in August 1957. Notice the yellow engine cowlings.

C/N

-

ED-41

Date In

Nov 1956

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WH117 (RAF), ED-41

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-42 on take off from Brustem airbase in 1957.

C/N

-

ED-42

Date In

Jan 1957

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WG970 (RAF), ED-42

Gloster Meteor T.7 ED-43 being prepared for a mission at Brustem airbase.

C/N

-

ED-43

Date In

Feb 1957

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WF814 (RAF), ED-43

Gloster Meteor T.7A Mulet Modifications

In order to improve longitudinal stability, the Belgian company Fairey modified a number of Meteor T.7 trainers to a standard unique to Belgium, the T.7A or T.7½ Mulet. This was obtained by fitting a Meteor F.8 tail-assembly to the forward fuselage of the T.7. Information exists on 6 conversions but this is not confirmed. Several of these Mulets were sold to the Israeli Air Force in the late fifties, and some can still be seen displayed at the Israel Air Force Museum at Hatzerim.

 Gloster Meteor T.7A ED-7 seen during the Wings Parade at Brustem airbase on 10 May 1957.

C/N

-

ED-07

Date In

-

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

WL399 (RAF), Meteor T.7, 1956/57 converted to T.7A ED-7

Gloster Meteor T.7A "Mulet" ED-28 is pictured at Gosselies on 290157 after suffering an undercarriage failure during tests prior to delivery as T.7A.

C/N

-

ED-28

Date In

-

Date Out

Jan 1962

History

G5-275, EF-30 (Meteor F.4), ED-28 (Meteor T.7), converted to T.7A ED-28 "Mulet"

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